Cancer of the tube that connects the mouth and stomach (oesophagus). Oesophageal cancer is caused by smoking and acid reflux that is not well controlled. Trouble swallowing, accidental weight loss, chest pain, increasing indigestion or heartburn, coughing, and hoarseness are all symptoms.
There are two forms of esophageal cancer: Barrett’s oesophagus and Barrett’s oesophagus.
Squamous cell carcinoma: This is a type of cancer that begins in the flat, thin cells that line the oesophagus. The top or centre of the oesophagus is the most common location for this type, but it can arise elsewhere.
Adenocarcinoma: It is a type of cancer that begins in the glandular cells of the oesophagus, which are responsible for producing fluids like mucus. The lower section of the oesophagus is where adenocarcinomas are most common.